Selected Bibliography

Polar Winds: A Century of Flying the North


Selected Bibliography


What follows is a list of books along with scholarly articles, papers, and dissertations used in the creation of this book. For the sake of brevity, references to archival materials, newspaper and magazine articles, websites, personal interviews, and correspondence can be found in the notes.


Abel, Kerry and Ken S. Coates, eds. Northern Visions: New Perspectives on the North in Canadian History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.


Anderson, James F. Outlaw Pilot: True Adventures of Jimmy Midnight Canada: privately published, 1993.


Avery, Norman. Spartan Air Services: Seven Letters that Spanned the Ottawa: privately printed, 2009.


———. Whiskey Whiskey Papa: Chronicling the Exciting Life and Times of a Pilot’s Ottawa: M.O.M. Printing, 1998.


Babcock, Sandy. “Operation CANON: A Case Study of Early RCAF Arctic Search and Rescue Capabilities.” Paper, De-Icing Required! The Historical Dimension of the Canadian Air Force’s Experience in the Arctic, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, June 2010.


Baidukov, George. Over the North Translated by Jessica Smith. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1938.


Balchen, Bernt. Come North with Me: An New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1958.


———. “My Introduction to Canada,” CAHS Journal (Summer 1976), 35–38.


Barry, P.S. “’Punch’ Dickins and the Origins of Canol’s Mackenzie Air Fields.” Arctic, Vol. 32, No. 4 (December 1979): 366–373.


Bennett, Gordon. Yukon Transportation: A Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 19. Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1978.


Bereza, Danny. The Big Dipper Route: A Canadian Arctic Adventure Courtenay, BC: Solaster Publishing, 2005.


Bergquist, Kathy. Great Circles: The Keith Greenaway Canada: privately printed, 2008.


Berton, Laura Beatrice. I Married the Toronto: McLelland & Stewart, 1961.


Berton, Pierre. Klondike: The Last Great Gold Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1972.


———. The Mysterious New York: Knopf, 1956.


———. Prisoners of the North. New York: Caroll & Graf, 2004.


Billington, Keith. House Calls by Dogsled: Six Years in an Arctic Medical Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing Co., 2008.


Blanchet, Guy. Search in the Toronto: The MacMillan Company of Canada, 1960.


Boer, Peter. Bush Pilots: Canada’s Wilderness Edmonton: Folklore Publishing, 2004.


Braun, Don C. with John C. Warren. The Arctic Fox: Bush Pilot of the North Country. Excelsior, MN: Back Bay Press, 1994.


Breynat, Gabriel Joseph Elie and Alan Gordon Smith. The Flying Bishop: Fifty Years in the Canadian Far London: Burns & Oates, 1955.


Byer, Doug. Northern Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1997.


Cable, Ernest. “Air Force — a Leader in the Arctic.” Paper, De-Icing Required! The Historical Dimension of the Canadian Air Force’s Experience in the Arctic, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, June 2010.


Callison, Pat. Pack Dogs to Helicopters: Pat Callison’s Vancouver: Evergreen Press, 1983.


Cameron, R.B. Yukon Calgary: Frontenac House, 2012.


Capelotti, P.J. By Airship to the North Pole: An Archaeology of Human Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1999.


Cashman, Tony. Gateway to the Edmonton: Duval House Publishing, 2002.


Coates, Kenneth and William R. Morrison. The Alaska Highway in World War II: The U.S. Army of Occupation in Canada’s Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.


———. Land of the Midnight Sun: A History of the Yukon. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.


Corley-Smith, Peter. 10,000 Hours: Reminiscences of a Helicopter Bush Pilot. Victoria: Sono Nis Press, 1985.


Condit, John. Wings over the West: Russ Baker and the Rise of Pacific Western Airlines. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 1984.


Crouch, Tom. Lighter Than Air: An Illustrated History of Balloons and Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.


Cruikshank, Julie. Do Glaciers Listen? Local Knowledge, Colonial Encounters, & Social Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.


———. Life Lived Like a Story: Life Stories of Three Yukon Native Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.


Czech, Kenneth P. “Roald Amundsen and the 1925 North Pole Expedition.” Aviation published online June 6, 2009. (accessed May 15, 2014).


Davies, Ed and Steve Ellis. Seattle’s Commercial Aviation: Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.


Dickson, Frances Jewel. The DEW Line Years: Voices from the Coldest Cold Lawrencetown Beach, NS: Pottersfield Press, 2007.


Dill, W. S. The Long Ottawa: The Graphic Publishers, 1926.


Dobrowolsky, Helene. Law of the Yukon: a Pictorial History of the Mounties. Whitehorse, YT: Lost Moose, 1995.


Douglas, W.A.B. Creation of a National Air Force: The Official History of the Royal Canadian Air vol. 2. Ottawa: University of Toronto Press and Supply and Services Canada, 1986.


Dunbar, Moira and Keith R. Greenaway. Arctic Canada from the Ottawa: Canada Defence Research Board, 1956.


Dzuiban, Stanley W. Military Relations between the United States and Canada, 1939–1945. Washington, DC: United States Army, 1959.


Ellis, Frank H. Canada’s Flying Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1954.


———. In Canadian Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1959.


Evans, Harvey. Fox Moths to Jet Rangers: A Bush Pilot’s Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing, 2009.


Fergus, Grant J. “North to the Yukon by Air.” Canadian Geographic August, 1937.


Fleming, Elizabeth A. “Mapping a Northern Land: obtaining the high altitude photography required for the completion of the mapping of Canada by the use of wartime aircraft (1951–1963).” Geomatica, Vol. 64, No. 4 (2010): 463-472.


Foster, Tony. The Bush Pilots: A Pictorial History of a Canadian Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1990.


Francis, National Dreams: Myth, Memory, and Canadian Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 2005.


Fuller, G.A, J.A. Griffin and K.M. Molson. 125 Years of Canadian Aeronautics: 1840–1965. Willowdale, ON: Canadian Aviation Historical Society, 1983.


Fumoleau, Way Down North: Dene Life Dene Land. Montreal: Novalis, 2010.


Gaffin, Jane. Edward Hadgkiss: Missing in Whitehorse, YT: Word Pro, 1989.


Gardiner, E.P. “The Winged CAHS Vol. 6, No. 4. (1968): 105–108.


Gibson-Sutherland, Alice. Canada’s Aviation Pioneers: Fifty Years of McKee Trophy Winners. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1978.


Glines, Carroll V. Polar New York: F. Watts, 1964.


Godsell, Philip H. Pilots of the Purple Twilight: The Story of Canada’s Early Bush Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1955.


Grant, Robert S. Bush Flying: The Romance of the Surrey, BC: Hancock House Publishers, 1995.


Grant, Shelagh D. Arctic Justice: On Trial for Murder, Pond Inlet Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.


———. Polar Imperative: A History of Arctic Sovereignty in North Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2010.


Gray, Charlotte. Gold Diggers: Striking it Rich in the Toronto: HarperCollins, 2011.


Greenaway, K.R. and M.D. Gates. Polar Air Navigation A Ottawa: printed privately, 2009.


Greenwood, John T. “General Bill Hoge and the Alaska Highway.” In The Alaska Highway: Papers of the 40th Anniversary edited by Kenneth Coates. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1985.


Grierson, John. Challenge to the Poles: Highlights of Arctic and Antarctic Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1964.


———. High Failure: Solo Along the Arctic Air London: Hodge & Co., 1936.


Hamilton, Donald F. Flying Overloaded: Adventures of a Canadian Arctic Canada: privately printed, 2007.


Hancock, Lyn. Winging it in the Lantzville, BC: Oolichan Books, 1996.


Heide, Rachel Lea. “Frigid Ambitions: The Venture of the Alert Wireless Station and Lessons Learned for the Canada First Defence Strategy.” Paper, De-Icing Required! The Historical Dimension of the Canadian Air Force’s Experience in the Arctic, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, June 2010.


Helmericks, Harmon “Bud.” Arctic Bush Leicester: Brockhamton Press, 1957.


Henry, Walter and eds. Uncharted Skies: Canadian Bush Pilot Edmonton: Reidmore Books, 1983.


Hesketh, Bob, ed. Three Northern Wartime Projects: Alaska Highway, Northwest Staging Route, Canol. Edmonton: Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Historical Society of Alberta, Edmonton and District Historical Society, 1996.


Hill, A.E. “Arctic Curtain Raiser,” CAHS Journal (Winter 1985): 122–4.


Hine, Harold R. Yukon Surrey, BC: Hancock House, 1987.


Hotson, Fred W. deHavilland in Canada. Toronto: CANAV Books, 1999.


Hunt, C. W. Dancing in the Sky: The Royal Flying Corps in Toronto: Dundurn, 2009.


Josie, Edith. “A Short Autobiography.” Old Crow Home of the Vuntut Gwitchin. (accessed February 27, 2014).


Karram, Kerry. Four Degrees Celsius: A Story of Arctic Toronto: Dundurn, 2012.


Keith, Ronald A. Bush Pilot with a Briefcase: The Happy-Go-Lucky Story of Grant McConachie. Don Mills, ON: PaperJacks, 1972.


Kelley, Thomas P. Rat River Trapper: The Story of Albert Johnson, the Mad Don Mills, ON: Paperjacks, 1972.


Kelm, Mary-Ellen. Colonizing Bodies: Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia, 1900–1950. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1998.


Kikkert, Peter. “Creating a Role: The Royal Canadian Air Force in the Arctic, 1945–1953.” Paper, De-Icing Required! The Historical Dimension of the Canadian Air Force’s Experience in the Arctic, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, June 2010.


Klaben, Helen. Hey, I’m Alive! New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.


Knight, Darrell. Buffalo Airways: Diamonds, DC-3s and ‘Buffalo Joe’ Calgary: Alberta Publishing, 2010.


Lackenbauer, P. Whitney, Craig Mantle, and Scott Scheffield, eds. Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian Military: Historical Kingston, ON: Canadian Defence Academy Press,


Northern Defenders: Aboriginal Peoples in the Canadian Rangers, 1947–2005. In Calgary Papers in Military and Strategic Studies. Canadian Arctic Sovereignty and Security: Historical Perspectives, ed. P. Whitney Lackenbauer. No. 4 ( 2011).


———. “If It Ain’t Broke, Don’t Break It: Expanding and Enhancing the Canadian Rangers.” Working Papers on Arctic Security No. 6, March 2013. Munk School of Global Affairs .


———. “The Canadian Rangers: Supporting Canadian Sovereignty, Security, and Stewardship since 1947.” Above & Beyond (September/October 2012): 31–36.


Lackenbauer, P. Whitney and Ryan Shackleton. “Inuit-Air Force Relations in the Qikiqtani Region during the Early Cold War.” Paper, De-Icing Required! The Historical Dimension of the Canadian Air Force’s Experience in the Arctic, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, June 2010.


Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair that Changed America. New York: Vintage Books, 2003.


Leigh, Z. Lewis. And I shall Fly: The Flying Memoirs of Z. Lewis Toronto: CANAV Books, 1985.


Leising, William A. Arctic Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1959.


Lloyd, Trevor. “Aviation in Arctic North America and Greenland.” Polar Vol. 5, Issue 35–6 (December 1948): 163–71.


Lopaschuk, William. They call me Lopey: A Saga of Wilderness Smithers, BC: Creekstone Press, 2009.


Lunny, June. Spirit of the Prince George, BC: Caitlin Press, 1992.


Lyall, Ernie. An Arctic Man: The Classic Account of Sixty-Five Years in Canada’s North. Goodread Biography, 1983.


Maloney, Sean M. “Canada’s Arctic Sky Spies: The Director’s Cut.” Canadian Military Journal (August 2008), published on National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces website, Accessed March 10, 2014.


McLaren, Duncan D. Bush to Boardroom: A Personal View of Five Decades of Aviation History. Winnipeg: Watson & Dwyer Publishing, 1992.


Main, J.R.K. Voyageurs of the Air: A History of Civil Aviation in Canada, Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1967.


Mallory, Enid L. Coppermine: The Far North of George M. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 1989.


Martin, Sandra. Working the Dead Beat: 50 Lives that Changed Canada. Toronto: House of Anansi Press, 2013.


May, Denny. More Stories about “Wop” Edmonton: Maycroft, 2011.


May, Denny and Owen Brierley. The Chronicles of W.R. (Wop) Accessed February 27, 2014.


Mayo Historical Society. Gold & Galena: A History of the Mayo Mayo, Yukon: Mayo Historical Society, 1990.


McAllister, Bruce. Wings above the Arctic: A Photographic History of Arctic Aviation. Boulder, CO: Roundup Press, 2003.


———. Wings over the Alaska Highway: A Photographic History of Aviation on the Alaska Highway. Boulder, CO: Roundup Press, 2001.


———. Wings over the Yukon: A Photographic History of Yukon Boulder, CO: Roundup Press, 2008.


McCaffery, Dan. Bush Planes and Bush Toronto: J. Lorimer, 2002.


McCallum, Jack. Tales of an Old Bold Pilot Who Lived to Tell His Story of Flying the Sicamous, BC: J.E. McCallum, 2004.


McCartney, Denny. Picking up the Victoria: Trafford, 2002.


McGrath, T.M. History of Canadian Toronto: Lugus and Transport Canada and the Canadian Govt. Pub. Centre, 1992.


McMillan, S. R. (Stan). “My Flying Career: A Legendary Northern Pilot recalls the adventurous side of a lifetime in CAHS Journal (Spring 2002): 4–15 and 36–7.


Meijer Drees, Laurie. Healing Histories: Stories from Canada’s Indian Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press, 2013.


Melady, John. Pilots: Canadian Stories from the Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1989.


Milberry, Larry. Air Transport in Canada, Vol. 1 and Toronto: CANAV Books, 1997.


———. Aviation in Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1979.


———. Canada’s Air Force: At War and Toronto: CANAV Books, 2000.


———. Sixty Years: the RCAF and CF Air Command, Toronto: CANAV Books, 1984.


Milloy, John S. A National Crime: The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, Winnipeg: The University of Manitoba Press, 1999.


Moar, Jack and Kitty Moar. A Collection of Bush Flying Victoria, BC: privately printed, 1991.


Mokler, R. J. Aircraft Down: A Personal Account of Search, Survival, and Rescue in the Canadian New York: Exposition Press, 1968.


Molson, K.M. Pioneering in Canadian Air Winnipeg: J. Richardson, 1974.


———. “The Rene and Vic,” CAHS Journal (Summer 1982): 41–55.


Morrison, William R. True North: The Yukon and Northwest Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 1998.


Morritt, Hope. Land of the Fireweed: A Young Woman’s Story of Alaska Highway Construction Days. Edmonds, WA: Alaska Northwest Pub. Co, 1985.


Morrow Lindbergh, Anne. North to the New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co. 1937.


Mulder, Rob. “In the air with Roald Amundsen.” Accessed May 17, 2014.


Myers, Patricia A. Sky Riders: An Illustrated History of Aviation in Alberta, Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House Publishers, 1995.


Myles, Eugenia Louise. Airborne from Edmonton: Being the True Tale of How Edmonton, a Remote Frontier City in Northwestern Canada, Became the Plymouth of a New Age of Air Discoveries and Air Conquests and Air Commerce, and of How the Dreams of her Pioneer Pilots Were to Be Realized a Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1959.


Nelson, Stewart B. “Airships in the Arctic.” Vol. 48, No. 3 (September 1993): 278–83.


Nickel, Dawn Dorothy. “Realities and Reflections: Women and the Yukon Frontier During the Alaska Highway Period.” Master’s thesis, University of Alberta, Fall 1998.


Oswald, Mary, ed. They Led the Way: Members of Canada’s Aviation Hall of Altona, MB: Friesens, 1999.


Parsons, H.P. “Hank.” Trail of the Wild Goose: A Story of a Bush Kelowna, BC: Alex Wilson Publications, 1978.


Payne, Stephen. Ed. Canadian Wings: A Remarkable Century of Toronto: Canada Aviation Museum and Douglas & McIntyre, 2006.


Pettus, Robert N. “Flying world-wide with Kenting Aerial Surveys.” CAHS Journal (Summer 1999): 52–63, 74.


Pigott, Peter. Flying Colours: A History of Commercial Aviation in Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1997.


Polunin, Nicholas. Arctic Unfolding: Experiences and Observations during a Canadian Airborne Expedition in the London: Hutchinson & Co, 1949.


Regan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.


Reid, Sheila. Conquer the Sky: Flying Ace Wop St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 2008.


———. Wings of a Hero: Canadian Pioneer Flying Ace Wilfrid Wop St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Publishing, 1997.


Render, Shirley. Double Cross: The Inside Story of James A. Richardson and Canadian Airways. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1999.


———. No Place for a Lady: The Story of Canadian Women Pilots, Winnipeg: Portage & Main Press, 1992.


Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Aviation Section. RCMP Air Division, 1937–1973. Ottawa: Information Canada, 1973.


Ruotsala, Jim. Pilots of the Panhandle: Aviation in Southeast Alaska. Vol. 1 Early Years Juneau, AK: Seadrome Press, 1996.


Russell, Chester. Tales of a Catskinner: A Personal Account of Building the Alaska Highway, the Winter Trail, and Canol Pipeline Road in North Bend, OR: Wegferds’ Printing and Publications, 1999.


Saunders, Garry. “Air Services’ 50th Anniversary,” Royal Canadian Mounted Police Gazette, Vol. 49, No. 10 (1987): 4–21.


Scheffield, Scott. “‘Of pure European Descent and of the White Race’: Recruitment Policy and Aboriginal Canadians, 1939–1945.” Canadian Military Vol. 5, No. 1 (Spring 1996): 11–15.


Shaben, Carol. Into the Abyss: An Extraordinary True New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2012.


Shaw, S. Bernard. Photographing Canada from Flying Canoes. Burnstown, ON: General Store Publishing House, 2001.


Sims, Tim. “Navigation and the Early Bush Pilot.” CAHS Journal (Winter 1976): 125.


Smith, Blake W. Warplanes to Surrey, BC: Hancock House, 1998.


Smith, Philip. It seems like only yesterday: Air Canada, the first 50 Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986.


Smith, Shirleen and Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation. People of the Lakes: Stories of Our Van Tat Gwich’in Elders. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2010.


Smith Matheson, Shirlee. Amazing Flights and Calgary: Frontenac House, 2010.


———. Flying the Frontiers: A Half-Million Hours of Aviation Adventure. Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House, 1994.


———. Flying the Frontiers, Volume II: More Hours of Aviation Adventure. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1996.


———. Flying the Frontiers, Volume III: Aviation Adventures Around the World. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1999.


———. Lost: True Stories of Canadian Aviation Saskatoon, SK: Fifth House, 2005.


Spring, Joyce. The Sky’s the Limit: Canadian Women Bush Toronto: Natural Heritage, 2006.


Tadman, Peter. The Hanna, AB: Gorman & Gorman, 1991.


Terpening, Rex. Bent Props and Blow Pots: A Pioneer Remembers Northern Bush Flying. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 2003.


Theriault, George. Trespassing in God’s Country: Sixty Years of Flying in Northern Chapleau, ON: Treeline Pub., 1994.


The Western Arctic Handbook Committee. Canada’s Western Arctic Including the Dempster Highway. Vancouver: Gordon Soules Book Publishers, 2002.


Thomson, Don W. Skyview Canada: A Story of Aerial Photography in Ottawa: Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 1975.


Thrasher, Anthony Apakark. Thrasher: Skid Row Eskimo. Toronto: Griffin House, 1976.


Travis-Henikoff, Carole A. Dinner with a Cannibal: The Complete History of Mankind’s Oldest Solana Beach, CA: Santa Monica Press, 2008.


Turner, Dick. Wings of the Saanichton, WA: Hancock House, 1976.


Twichell, Heath. “The role of the Public Roads Administration.” In The Alaska Highway: Papers of the Anniversary ed. Kenneth Coates. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1985.


Vance, Jonathan. High Flight: Aviation and the Canadian Toronto: Penguin Books, 2002.


Wachowich, Nancy. Saqiyuq: Stories from the Lives of Three Inuit Women. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1999.


Ward, Max. The Max Ward Story: A Bush Pilot in the Bureaucratic Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1991.


Weicht, Christopher. Air Route to the Klondike: An Aviation Sechelt, BC: Creekside Publications, 2006.


———. North by Sechelt, BC: Creekside Publications, 2004.


———. Yukon Sechelt, BC: Creekside Publications, 2007.


Wheeler, William. Skippers of the Sky: The Early Years of Bush Calgary: Fifth House Publishers, 2000.


Whyard, Florence. Ernie Boffa: Canadian Bush Whitehorse, YT: Beringian Books, 1984.


Winslow, Kathryn. Big Pan-Out: The Klondike Story. London: Phoenix House Ltd, 1952.


Williams, A.R. (Al). Bush and Arctic Surrey, BC: Hancock House, 1998.


Wittreich, Paul. Forgotten First Bloomington, Indiana: Xlibris Corporation, 2009.


Zaslow, Morris. The Northward Expansion of Canada, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1988.